Thomas More “Utopia” ctd.

Utopians are skilled in all the branches of science and learning, but they know nothing about scholastic philosophy (here More inserts a rather tiresome joke about medieval philosophy, incomprehensible to anybody who hasn’t actually studied that philosophy). In their approach to life, they are kind of mild Epicureans, because they believe that people are motivated by pleasure and do anything to avoid pain. Mind you, Epicureanism was not about partying and having good time all the time, since Epicurus believed that the real pleasure is virtuous, rational life. This Epicureanism is filtered through Utopians religion, which is quite similar to Christianity – they believe in eternal soul, and afterlife with punishments for sinners and rewards for the virtuous. Without this prospect, they argue, people would do nothing but pursue pleasure.


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